Home Publications Intuitive, Online, Simultaneous, and Proportional Myoelectric Control Over Two Degrees-of-Freedom in Upper Limb Amputees
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Ning Jiang, Hubertus Rehbaum, Ivan Vujaklija, Bernhard Graimann, and Dario Farina (2014)

Intuitive, Online, Simultaneous, and Proportional Myoelectric Control Over Two Degrees-of-Freedom in Upper Limb Amputees

IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering 22(3):501-510 (10pp).  (export entry)


BFNT-Chair Neuroinformatics
We propose an approach for online simultaneous and proportional myoelectric control of two degrees-of-freedom (DoF) of the wrist, using surface electromyographic signals. The method is based on the nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) of the wrist muscle activation to extract low-dimensional control signals translated by the user into kinematic variables. This procedure does not need a training set of signals for which the kinematics is known (labeled dataset) and is thus unsupervised (although it requires an initial calibration without labeled signals). The estimated control signals using NMF are used to directly control two DoFs of wrist. The method was tested on seven subjects with upper limb deficiency and on seven able-bodied subjects. The subjects performed online control of a virtual object with two DoFs to achieve goal-oriented tasks. The performance of the two subject groups, measured as the task completion rate, task completion time, and execution efficiency, was not statistically different. The approach was compared, and demonstrated to be superior to the online control by the industrial state-of-the-art approach. These results show that this new approach, which has several advantages over the previous myoelectric prosthetic control systems, has the potential of providing intuitive and dexterous control of artificial limbs for amputees.